Go to General Notation
Due to the fretless nature of the violin, perception of intonation
is left entirely up to the player's ear. A note that is perfectly in tune
will pick up on the violins natural resonance and will sound bright and
lively. A light touch upon the strings will enable a quick correction to
the true pitch. Intonation is best acquired through a relaxed hand that
can instantly adjust its position. Excessive bow and left hand pressure
will stretch the string causing the pitch to rise and the accuracy of
fingering will become faulty.
The following exercise in intonation uses the open strings as
references to the correct pitch. This method quickly lets one establish
where notes corresponding to an open string lie on the
Check that fingers are fully relaxed when playing the
This following exercise will help bring about the correct intonation
for the notes E, B and F#. When these notes are sounded in unison with the
open string above them, a sweet and strong tone is produced.
thumb is not squeezing the neck after each fingered note.
Once the basics of intonation have been achieved it is much easier to
begin the practice of scales.
An old technique for practicing bowing
and tone production is know as the son Filé, the long sustained
tone. Here the player aims at mastery of the long bow stroke with the
continuity of a notes resonance. Practice the following scale, G Major,
with son filé
Slurred notes use the same long bowing technique with the addition of
two or more notes within the same stroke. Try the next exercise checking
on the open strings that the left hand if fully relaxed.
Slurred notes, three per bow stroke.
Slurred notes, four per bow stroke.
Practice piece for the week.
Assuming there are four beats to the bar
||is played once on the first beat,
duration of the bar.
||is played once on every second beat,
the duration of two beats.
||is played once on every beat,
duration of one beat.
||is played twice for every beat,
duration of one half beat.
||is played four times for every beat,
the duration of one quarter beat.